芝加哥大学(University of Chicago)留学文书写作指南(2017版)


本校采用Common Application作为官方认可的网申系统,可能还至少需要完成一篇标准的Common Essay

Choose one of the six extended essay options and upload a one- or two- page response.

  • 写文书 "The aim of argument, or of discussion, should not be victory, but progress." ---Joseph Joubert
    Sometimes, people talk a lot about popular subjects to assure 'victory' in conversation or understanding, and leave behind topics of less popularity, but great personal or intellectual importance. What do you think is important but under-discussed?
    ---Anonymous Suggestion
  • 写文书 Due to a series of clerical errors, there is exactly one typo (an extra letter, a removed letter, or an altered letter) in the name of every department at the University of Chicago. Oops! Describe your new intended major. Why are you interested in it and what courses or areas of focus within it might you want to explore? Potential options include Commuter Science, Bromance Languages and Literatures, Pundamentals: Issues and Texts, Ant History... a full list of unmodified majors ready for your editor's eye is available here: https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/academics/majors-minors.
    ---Inspired by Josh Kaufman, Class of 2018
  • 写文书 Earth. Fire. Wind. Water. Heart! Captain Planet supposes that the world is made up of these five elements. We're familiar with the previously-noted set and with actual elements like hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon, but select and explain another small group of things (say, under five) that you believe compose our world.
    ---Inspired by Dani Plung, Class of 2017
  • 写文书 The late New York Times photographer Bill Cunningham once said "Fashion is the armor to survive the reality of everyday life. I don't think you could do away with it. It would be like doing away with civilization." Tell us about your "armor."
    ---Inspired by Adam Berger, Class of 2020
  • 写文书 Fans of the movie Sharknado say that they enjoy it because "it's so bad, it's good." Certain automobile owners prefer classic cars because they "have more character." And recently, vinyl record sales have skyrocketed because it is perceived that they have a warmer, fuller sound. Discuss something that you love not in spite of but rather due to its quirks or imperfections.
    ---Inspired by Alex Serbanescu, Class of 2021
  • 写文书 In the spirit of adventurous inquiry, pose your own question or choose one of our past prompts. Be original, creative, thought provoking. Draw on your best qualities as a writer, thinker, visionary, social critic, sage, citizen of the world, or future citizen of the University of Chicago; take a little risk, and have fun.


  • “争论或讨论的目的不应是胜利,而应是进步。”——约瑟夫·儒贝尔
  • 由于一系列的传抄错误,芝大每一个系的名字都错了一个字母(可以是新增、删去或是别字)。真糟糕!描述你新的目标专业。你为什么对它感兴趣,并想探索其中的什么课程或领域?一些可能的选择有通勤科学、基情语言与文学、双关语:议题与著作、蚂蚁历史……未经修改的专业名称在此供你审阅:https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/academics/majors-minors。——受2018届Josh Kaufman启发
  • 土。火。风。水。心灵!动画片《地球超人》认为世界是由这五种元素构成。我们对此已经了然于胸,当然还有实际的诸如氢、氧、碳之类的元素。除此之外,选择并解释你认为的其他一组能够构成我们世界的事物(五个以下)。——受2017届Dani Plung启发
  • 已故的纽约时报摄影师比尔·康宁汉曾说过:“时装是让人在日常现实中幸存的装甲。我不认为你能抛弃它。这会像放弃文明一样。”告诉我们你的“装甲”。——受2020届Adam Berger启发
  • 电影《风飞鲨》的粉丝们说他们喜欢这部片子是因为“它烂得恰到好处。”一部分车主偏好老爷车,因为它们“有个性。”最近黑胶唱片的销量屡创新高,因为人们觉得它们的声音更温暖厚实。描述你因为槽点或是不完美之处(而不是因为这些不存在)而喜欢上的某样东西。——受2021届Alex Serbanescu启发
  • 以探寻未知的冒险精神,提属于你自己的问题或者选择一个往年的文书题目。在这个过程中请带上原创性、创造力并写出发人深省的文字。好好利用你作为一位作家、思想家、梦想家、社会评论员、哲人、世界公民或芝加哥的未来社区成员的一些最好的优点,冒一冒险并享受这个过程。



写文书 How does the University of Chicago, as you know it now, satisfy your desire for a particular kind of learning, community, and future? Please address with some specificity your own wishes and how they relate to UChicago.




写文书 Share with us a few of your favorite books, poems, authors, films, plays, pieces of music, musicians, performers, paintings, artists, blogs, magazines, or newspapers. Feel free to touch on one, some, or all of the categories listed, or add a category of your own.





2016-2017 [+]

  • What is square one, and can you actually go back to it? ---Inspired by Maya Shaked, Class of 2018
  • Once, renowned physicist Werner Heisenberg said: "There is a fundamental error in separating the parts from the whole, the mistake of atomizing what should not be atomized. Unity and complementarity constitute reality." Whether it's Georges Seurat's pointillism in "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte," the 1995-96 Chicago Bulls, quantum physics, or any other field of your choosing, when can the parts be separated from the whole and when can they not? ---Inspired by Ender Sahin, Class of 2020
  • The ball is in your court—a penny for your thoughts, but say it, don't spray it. So long as you don't bite off more than you can chew, beat around the bush, or cut corners, writing this essay should be a piece of cake. Create your own idiom, and tell us its origin—you know, the whole nine yards.
    PS: A picture is worth a thousand words. ---Inspired by April Bell, Class of 2017, and Maya Shaked, Class of 2018 (It takes two to tango.)
  • Alice falls down the rabbit hole. Milo drives through the tollbooth. Dorothy is swept up in the tornado. Neo takes the red pill. Don’t tell us about another world you've imagined, heard about, or created. Rather, tell us about its portal. Sure, some people think of the University of Chicago as a portal to their future, but please choose another portal to write about. ---Inspired by Raphael Hallerman, Class of 2020
  • According to Lázló Babai, Professor of Computer Science and Mathematics at the University of Chicago, it is unfortunate that mathematicians do not have any procedures in place for revoking theorems once their validity is established because sometimes our results would be nicer without them. If you had the power to obliterate any known truth for the sake of getting nicer results, what truth would you choose to obliterate and why? This power cannot be used as a Ctrl-Z on events in your own life. ---Inspired by Erin Horning, Class of 2016


  • 出发点(本意指棋类游戏的)是什么?你回得去么?(注意back to sqaure one有因为之前的失误而全盘推倒重来的意思)——受2018届Maya Shaked启发
  • 著名物理学家海森堡(量子物理奠基人之一)曾说过:“把局部从整体上区分开会犯一个根本性的错误——分割不该被分割的(参考波粒二象性。atom本意是不可分割的,相对来说atom彼此之间则可以分割,因此这个哲学概念本身是过时了)。统一性和互补性构造了现实。”不论是Georges Seurat(乔治·修拉,法国画家,新印象派的重要人物)的点彩画作《大碗岛的星期日下午》、1995-96赛季的芝加哥公牛队(打破了当时NBA比赛获胜记录)、量子物理或其他你任选的领域,在何时部分能从整体中区分开?何时则不能?——受2020届Ender Sahin启发
  • 在你的庭院里举办舞会(成语:由你说了算)——一分钱买你的想法(成语:谈谈你的想法),有话直说但别唾沫横飞(成语:吐字清晰的讲清原委)。只要不是吃不了兜着走(成语)、打草惊蛇(成语:不直接提及主题,只暗寓其事)或偷工减料(成语),写这篇文书应该是小菜一碟(成语)。创造你自己的成语,告诉我们它的来源——你懂的,全部九码都要(成语:所有的细节)。——受2017届April Bell和2018届Maya Shaked启发(探戈需要两人来跳(成语:同一个巴掌拍不响))
  • 爱丽丝(《爱丽丝漫游奇境记》主人公)掉进兔子洞。米洛开过收费站。多萝西(《绿野仙踪》主人公)被龙卷风吹跑。尼奥(《黑客帝国》主人公)吞下红色胶囊。不要在这里讲你想象中、听说过或创造着的异世界,而是谈谈通往这个世界的传送门。当然,有些人认为芝大是通往他们未来的传送门,不过在这里还是说个别的吧。——受2020届Raphael Hallerman启发
  • 我校计算机/数学教授Lázló Babai认为数学家们很不幸没有撤回已被证实定理的途径,因为有时研究结果在没有这些定理的前提下确实会变得更好。如果你有为取得更好结果而粉碎任何已知事实的能力,你会选择粉碎什么事实?为什么?这一能力不能被用来对自己的人生经历按Ctrl-Z(撤销操作的键盘快捷键)。——受2016届Erin Horning启发



2015-2016 [+]

  • Orange is the new black, fifty’s the new thirty, comedy is the new rock ‘n’ roll, _ is the new _. What’s in, what’s out, and why is it being replaced? —Inspired by Payton Weidenbacher, Class of 2015
  • “I learned to make my mind large, as the universe is large, so that there is room for paradoxes.” —Maxine Hong Kingston. What paradoxes do you live with? —Inspired by Danna Shen, Class of 2019
  • Joan of Arkansas. Queen Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Babe Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Mash up a historical figure with a new time period, environment, location, or occupation, and tell us their story. —Inspired by Drew Donaldson, Class of 2016
  • “Art is either plagiarism or revolution.” –Paul Gauguin. What is your “art”? Is it plagiarism or revolution? —Inspired by Kaitlyn Shen, Class of 2018
  • Rerhceseras say it’s siltl plisbsoe to raed txet wtih olny the frist and lsat ltteres in palce. This is beaucse the hamun mnid can fnid oderr in dorsdier. Give us your best example of finding order in disorder. (For your reader’s sake, please use full sentences with conventional spelling). —Also inspired by Payton Weidenbacher, Class of 2015. Payton is extra-inspirational this year!


  • 橘色即是新的黑色,五十年代即是新的三十年代,喜剧即是新的摇滚,_ 即是新的_。什么变流行了,什么不流行了,为什么这种旧潮流被新潮流所取代了?——受2015届Payton Weidenbacher启发
  • “我学会了让自己的思维变大,因为宇宙是如此大才足以容下各种悖论。”——Maxine Hong Kingston(汤婷婷,华裔女作家)。你的生活中有哪些悖论?——受2019届Danna Shen启发
  • 如果Joan of Arc(圣女贞德,法国军事家,天主教圣人,法国人民心中的自由女神)来自阿肯色州,Elizabeth Cady Stanton(伊丽莎白·凯迪·斯坦顿,美国女权运动的先驱领袖之一)变成女王,Ruth Bader Ginsburg(鲁思·拜德·金斯伯格,现任美国最高法院大法官,是目前唯一一位犹太裔女性大法官)成为棒球明星(George Herman “Babe” Ruth),会发生怎样的故事呢?把一个历史人物与一个新的时间、环境、地点或职位混编在一起,然后讲讲他们的故事。——受2016届Drew Donaldson启发
  • “艺术不是抄袭就是革命。”—Paul Gauguin(保罗·高更,法国后印象派画家、雕塑家)。你的“艺术”是什么?它是抄袭还是革命?——受2018届Kaitlyn Shen启发
  • 研员究人员认为只要首尾字母不变,我们仍然可以读懂打乱单词的字母顺序后的文章。这是因为人类思维可以在无序中找到有序。举出你从无序中寻找有序的最好的事例(为了读者考虑,请使用完整的句子和标准的拼写)。——也是受2015届Payton Weidenbacher启发,他今年格外有灵感!



2014-2015 [+]

  • What's so odd about odd numbers? ---Inspired by Mario Rosasco, Class of 2009
  • In French, there is no difference between “conscience” and “consciousness.” In Japanese, there is a word that specifically refers to the splittable wooden chopsticks you get at restaurants. The German word “fremdschämen” encapsulates the feeling you get when you’re embarrassed on behalf of someone else. All of these require explanation in order to properly communicate their meaning, and are, to varying degrees, untranslatable. Choose a word, tell us what it means, and then explain why it cannot (or should not) be translated from its original language. ---Inspired by Emily Driscoll, an incoming student in the Class of 2018
  • Little pigs, french hens, a family of bears. Blind mice, musketeers, the Fates. Parts of an atom, laws of thought, a guideline for composition. Omne trium perfectum? Create your own group of threes, and describe why and how they fit together. ---Inspired by Zilin Cui, an incoming student in the Class of 2018
  • Were pH an expression of personality, what would be your pH and why? (Feel free to respond acidly! Do not be neutral, for that is base!) ---Inspired by Joshua Harris, Class of 2016
  • A neon installation by the artist Jeppe Hein in UChicago’s Charles M. Harper Center asks this question for us: “Why are you here and not somewhere else?” (There are many potential values of “here”, but we already know you're “here” to apply to the University of Chicago; pick any “here” besides that one). ---Inspired by Erin Hart, Class of 2016


  • 奇数有什么奇怪的地方? ——某2009年毕业之学生
  • 法语中,“良心”和“意识”没有区别。日语中,有一个词专门指一次性筷子。德语中,fremdschämen体现了为他人感到的羞愧之情。所有这些词语的意思在英语中都需要解释,因而在某种程度上是不可翻译的。选择一个词,告诉我们它是什么意思,然后解释它为什么不能(或不该)从原本的语言中被翻译。 ——某2018年毕业之学生
  • 三只小猪,三只法国母鸡,三只狗熊(都是童话故事)。三只盲老鼠(英国儿歌),三个火枪手,命运三女神(希腊神话)。原子的三部分(质子、中子和电子),思维三律(同一律、排中律和矛盾律),作文的成三律。事有三即成?创造一个你自己的“三个三组”,解释它们怎样能联系在一起,为什么? ——某2018年毕业之学生
  • 如果pH值用来指示个性的话,你的pH会是多少,为什么?尖酸刻薄点没关系!就是不要中立(中和),不然就low(变成碱)了。 ——某2016年毕业之学生
  • 艺术家海因在我校的MBA活动中心里安装了一个霓虹灯,问了这么一个问题:“你为什么在这儿而不是别的地方?”(“这儿”能有很多意思,但是我们已经知道你在这是来申请我校的,所以选一个除此之外的义项吧。) ——某2016年毕业之学生



2013-2014 [+]

  • Winston Churchill believed "a joke is a very serious thing." From Off-Off Campus's improvisations to the Shady Dealer humor magazine to the renowned Latke-Hamantash debate, we take humor very seriously here at The University of Chicago (and we have since 1959, when our alums helped found the renowned comedy theater The Second City). Tell us your favorite joke and try to explain the joke without ruining it. ---Chelsea Fine, Class of 2016
  • In a famous quote by José Ortega y Gasset, the Spanish philosopher proclaims, "Yo soy yo y mi circunstancia" (1914). José Quintans, master of the Biological Sciences Collegiate Division at the University of Chicago, sees it another way: "Yo soy yo y mi microbioma" (2012). You are you and your..? ---Maria Viteri, Class of 2016
  • This is what history consists of. It's the sum total of all the things they aren't telling us. ---Don DeLillo, Libra. What is history, who are "they," and what aren't they telling us? ---Amy Estersohn, Class of 2010
  • The mantis shrimp can perceive both polarized light and multispectral images; they have the most complex eyes in the animal kingdom. Human eyes have color receptors for three colors (red, green, and blue); the mantis shrimp has receptors for sixteen types of color, enabling them to see a spectrum far beyond the capacity of the human brain. Seriously, how cool is the mantis shrimp. What might they be able to see that we cannot? What are we missing? ---Tess Moran, Class of 2016
  • How are apples and oranges supposed to be compared? Possible answers involve, but are not limited to, statistics, chemistry, physics, linguistics, and philosophy. ---Florence Chan, Class of 2015


  • 温斯顿·丘吉尔认为:“笑话是件严肃的事。”从分分校区剧场的小品到名为《黑市商人》的幽默杂志再到著名的薯饼与三角夹心饼辩论,我们芝大人把幽默看待得相当认真(早至1959年,校友们就帮助成立了著名的喜剧剧场第二城市)。 给我们讲讲你最喜欢的笑话,尝试着在不剧透的前提下解释它。 ——某2016年毕业之学生
  • 西班牙哲学家何塞·奥尔特加·加塞特宣称:“你即你与环境。”何塞·昆汀斯,一位芝加哥生命科学学部的硕士,用不同的方式诠释了这点:“你是你加上你的微生物。”你是你加上你的……? ——某2016年毕业之学生
  • 唐·德里罗在小说《天秤座》中写到:“历史是他们所未曾告诉我们的事件之总和。”历史是什么,“他们”是谁,他们有什么没告诉我们? ——某2010年毕业之学生
  • 螳螂虾能同时感受到偏振光与多色谱图像;他们有动物界最复杂的眼睛。人类的眼睛有三原色的受体;但螳螂虾却有十六种颜色的受体,令他们能看见远超过人脑所能处理的光线频率范畴。正经的,螳螂虾到底有多酷。它们可能能看见什么是我们看不到的?我们错过了什么? ——某2016年毕业之学生
  • 苹果与桔子该如何被比较?可能的答案包括但不限于统计、化学、物理、语言与哲学。 ——某2015年毕业之学生


  • AADPS分类III-c

    Q: How to generate a random string?
    A: Let a newbie quit vi.

  • AADPS分类IV-a
    这道题目引用了西班牙哲学家加塞特的名言,意即人不能与环境(或外部世界)相分离, 体现了一种唯物主义和唯心主义的折中思路。当然为了避免题目显得过于阳春白雪,紧接着又引用了一个生物研究生的解读,"你是你加上你的微生物。" 所以中规中矩的两个思路,会是阐述自己生活背景或是专业兴趣。当然,讲述自己一批有意思的朋友/人生导师,或是某一小众的爱好也值得一试。这么看,题目其实很容易。
  • AADPS分类IV-c
    这个题目只要知道写什么,中国学生是很好写的(参见一本叫做1984的书)。但是如果在这里说具体怎么写,这篇文章就见不到大家了。带批判性思维(critical thinking)的中立立场是个好思路。
  • AADPS分类IV-c
  • AADPS分类IV-d
    一般是认为apples和oranges是性质不同而无法比较的两类事物,带有一点中文“鸡同鸭讲”的意思。这个题目主要是考察开放性思维,学生显然可以从一个自己熟悉的角度出发来尝试进行这种比较。譬如从经济学的角度来看,苹果和桔子哪个在市场上更受人欢迎? 单纯从饮食方面,桔子似乎更胜一筹。桔子汁比较好卖,不但因为桔子本身汁多且榨汁过程不怎么需要经过额外的物理化学处理,也因为桔子汁富含维他命C,给人以有益健康的印象。虽然今天处理苹果的工艺也有很大的改进,但是由于习惯上的原因,我们只有桔子汽水,桔子夹心饼干和桔子味冰激凌,但是基本没有苹果汽水,苹果味夹心饼干和苹果味冰激凌。 但是在其他方面,苹果到要更胜一筹。这种高雅的水果在历史上和语言里有相应地位,所以一些文化产业如唱片和日报等也勉强用了它来命名。当然在信息时代,我们有著名的苹果电脑,名字据说是来自乔布斯很喜欢的苹果唱片或者是加州当地的苹果园。



答:录取过程中并没有这些要求。在审核申请时,录取办公室会考察申请者的综合素质(on a holistic basis)——学术和课外活动、文书、推荐信以及SAT或ACT分数。


  • 没有划定分数线
  • 对高中修读的课程没有特殊要求
  • 学生由专门负责其所在地区的招生官先行审核
  • 申请会经由一个委员会多次复核
  • 申请的优秀程度并不由单一的因子决定



问:你们是否需要SAT II成绩?
答:不需要,我们仅使用SAT或ACT。如果你的某一门SAT II特别出色,可以送分,但是这是完全可选的,不送并不会对申请有负面影响。












答:我们不提供第二个学士学位。继续教育学院(Graham School of General Studies)设有一些可能适用的硕士和非学历项目。







陈 欣

《芝加哥大学(University of Chicago)留学文书写作指南(2017版)》上有1条评论