AADPS分类(反思类留学文书)

AADPS分类IV-a:人生故事

  • Some students have a background or story that is so central to their identity that they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story.

解析:这一类型的文书题目是给有特殊人生经历或者能在平凡的生活中发现不凡之处的学生预备的,比如说父母离异、孤儿、残疾、特殊家境、少数族裔等等。学生应该较好的利用这一展现自身特色的机会,写出真情实感。对于比较“正常”的学生,另一个切实可行的思路是在留学文书中彰显家庭传承或自己独特经历对专业乃至未来职业选择的至关重要的影响。

如何在留学文书里讲好自己的人生故事

AADPS分类IV-b:挫折和不完美

  • Recount an incident or time when you experienced failure. How did it affect you, and what lessons did you learn?
  • Blessed Basil Moreau, the founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross, described education as "the art of helping young people to completeness." How are you incomplete?

解析:此类留学文书题目邀请学生批判性的反思曾经遇到过的困境或自身有待提高之处。需要仔细回想并选择最合适的事例,先陈述事实,然后归纳总结。经常出现的陷阱是过于以自我为中心或者完全缺乏自信,要在两者间找到一个较好的平衡。写作的时候应该多征询他人意见。

如何在留学文书里描写失败

AADPS分类IV-c:观点

  • This is what history consists of. It's the sum total of all the things they aren't telling us. ---Don DeLillo, Libra. What is history, who are "they," and what aren't they telling us?
  • What contemporary issue or trend relating to politics, culture, and society, or foreign policy particularly concerns you and why?

解析:我们每个人都有自己的特定世界观和人生观。对于生活中的某个事件,均会有既有的立场和看法。对于此类文书题目,学生需要带着镣铐跳舞,把自己还相对不很成熟的直觉用严谨丰满的学术英语清楚有力的说明。这类文书往往是为接受过美国本土中学教育的申请者而预设的。作为国际学生,往往需要尝试从他们在美国的同侪的角度出发,才能较好的理解题目本身用意并有针对性的作答。但另一方面,这点运用得当的话,也能通过独特的精妙思维来给国际学生带来优势。

AADPS分类IV-d:知识运用

  • How are apples and oranges supposed to be compared? Possible answers involve, but are not limited to, statistics, chemistry, physics, linguistics, and philosophy.
  • The Block Plan at Colorado College has a tradition of innovation and flexibility. Please design your own three-and-a-half week intellectual adventure and describe what you would do.

解析:招生官设立这些留学文书,是为了给申请者一个虚拟的情境,看他们是否能在其中灵活运用过去所学到的各类学术知识与技能。考虑到具有相关专业背景的招生官可能会参与到审阅过程中,在逻辑上和专业上自圆其说会是写作的第一优先级。在此基础之上,如能适当的体现自身超越平均水平的学术能力或是与预申请专业的契合度,将会是很大的加分。

AADPS分类IV-e:道德

Members of the Caltech community live, learn, and work within an Honor System with one simple guideline; "No member shall take unfair advantage of any other member of the Caltech community." While seemingly simple, questions of ethics, honesty and integrity are sometimes challenging. Share an ethical dilemma that has challenged you. How did you respond? Your response is not limited to academic situations.

解析:对于一些治学严谨的美国高等学校而言,诚实(honesty)、正直(integrity)等美德是决定申请者能否在新学术社区茁壮成长并作为一分子来维护其良好声誉的不可或缺因素。在此类文书题目里,招生官或考察申请者在自身人生经历中遇到的道德困境,或探寻申请者对所申请学校荣誉准则的熟悉程度与认同程度。在写作留学文书时,学生应注意相关品质在西方学术环境下的独特含义,要体现出对此种价值观的强烈认同,不能在大是大非的问题上含糊其辞或传递可能会使读者困惑的信息。当然,如果能熟练的用英语将身处的独特情形和挑战描述清楚,会在很大程度上增加文书的可信度和含金量。

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发布者

陈 欣

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