波士顿大学(Boston University)留学文书写作指南(2018版)

文书题目

本校采用Common Application作为官方认可的网申系统,可能还至少需要完成一篇标准的Common Essay
本校留学文书中出现了学习计划类文书,请仔细了解学校和所申请项目的相关情况。

写文书 What about being a student at Boston University most excites you?

翻译:作为我校学生的哪些方面最让你激动?

解析:AADPS分类I-c

字数限制:250词

Please use this space if you have additional information, materials, or writing samples you would like us to consider.

翻译:请用下面的空间提交你希望我们考虑的额外信息、材料或小论文。

解析:建议参考留学象限AADPS留学文书分类等理论,选择一个还未被Common Essay以及该校其他文书题目所利用的优质素材。

字数限制:可选

写文书 Kilachand Honors College offers a challenging liberal arts education grounded in critical and creative thinking and interdisciplinary problem-solving. What do you think this approach means? Reflect on what has been missing in your education to date, giving at least one concrete example to support your response. How would Kilachand's interdisciplinary curriculum fulfill your academic, creative, intellectual, and/or professional goals?

翻译:基拉杉德荣誉学院提供富有挑战性的、基于批判性和创造性思维以及跨学科解决问题的博雅教育。你认为这种教育方法的意义何在?反思你迄今所受到教育的欠缺之处,至少举一个切实的例子来支撑你的观点。基拉杉德的跨学科课程大纲会如何满足你的学术、创造、求知和/或职业目标?

解析:AADPS分类I-c

字数限制:项目特定,600词

Boston University Trustee Scholars are encouraged to develop well-informed and well-reasoned views of important political, social, and artistic issues. We select students who have a sense of how to present persuasive arguments in support of their views.

  • 写文书 The list of works banned throughout history is long and sometimes surprising. Examples include the Bible, King Lear, The Origin of Species, Mein Kampf, Lolita, The Diary of Anne Frank, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Isaac Asimov wrote: “Any book worth banning is a book worth reading.” Do you agree? Is such censorship ever justified? If so, who or what should determine which books are read and which are forbidden?
  • 写文书 Economists describe a “moral hazard” as individuals’ tendency to take greater risks when they believe that they will not bear the full cost of their actions. Some may be less careful driving, for instance, if they know that their insurance provider will cover potential accidents, while the uninsured will drive with more caution. A recent study similarly suggests a correlation between greater access to Narcan, the drug used to reverse potentially fatal opioid overdoses, and a rise in the use of opioids. In your opinion, should the concept of moral hazard affect public policy? If so, what are the relevant factors policymakers should consider in assessing questions of public safety and individual responsibility?
  • 写文书 “The perfect search engine,” Google’s co-founder Sergey Brin has said, “would be like the mind of God.” In your opinion, will science and technology eventually allow us to know all things knowable? Are there limits to what the perfect search engine will reveal, or might it indeed become like the mind of God?

翻译:波士顿大学校董奖学金得主被鼓励在知情的前提下展开讨论自己经过充分论证的观点。这些观点涉及重要的政治、社会和艺术问题。我们选择有能力展现出有说服力的论证来支持自己观点的学生。

  • 历史上的禁书列表连篇累牍,有时也令人惊讶。一些例子包括《圣经》、《李尔王》、《物种起源》、《我的奋斗》、《洛丽塔》、《安妮日记》、《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》。科幻作家阿西莫夫曾写道:“任何禁书都值得一读。”你同意么?这种出版审查是否合理?如果是的话,谁或什么标准能决定哪些书可以被阅读,而哪些书需要被审查?
  • 经济学家将个人因为相信无需为自己的行为负全责而倾向于冒更大风险描述为一种“道德危险”。例如有人可能在知道保险能够赔付全部损失时开车会比较随便,但没买保险的司机可能会更小心翼翼的驾驶。最近的研究表明,Narcan,一种用于治疗可能致命的阿片瘾的药物,与阿片类的滥用呈正相关。在你看来,道德危险的概念是否应该影响公共政策?如果是的话,决策者在评估公众安全和个人责任的问题时应该考虑哪些相关因素。
  • “完美的搜索引擎,”谷歌创始人布林说,“应该和上帝的思想类似。”在你看来,科技发展是否会有朝一日让我们变得全知全能?完美的搜索引擎所展现的内容是否会有无法突破的限制,还是它真可能会变成和上帝的思想那样?

解析:

字数限制:奖学金特定,三选一,600词

写文书 "Something that's not on the resume"

Give us a glimpse of a passion, dream, or mental pursuit that absorbs and delights you.

翻译:“不会写在简历上的某事”

让我们了解你正全情投入、令你乐不思蜀的激情、梦想或精神追求。

解析:AADPS分类III-c

字数限制:奖学金特定,300词

题目归档

2017-2018 [+]

Boston University Trustee Scholars are encouraged to develop well-informed and well-reasoned views of important political, social, and artistic issues. We select students who have a sense of how to present persuasive arguments in support of their views.

  • 写文书 Some have described the worldwide appeal of populism---a grass-roots force associated with a distrust of political and cultural elites, the attraction to common-sense solutions, and an upsurge in ethnic, religious, or national pride---as a response to the upheavals of globalization. Over the past decades, technology and global trade have cost jobs and emptied cities, income inequality has grown exponentially, and, for many, the values of community and identity seem more threatened today than ever before. In your view, is the appeal of populism a necessary and positive corrective to the challenges of globalization, an unrealistic or inadequate response to the current age, or some combination of both? Is it an example of democracy at its best or a danger to democratic institutions?
  • 写文书 Biospecimens routinely taken during medical procedures such as blood tests, biopsies, and surgeries can be an important source for research into a variety of diseases. In some cases, this research has led to breakthroughs in the development of new drugs and therapies. While protocols are now widespread requiring explicit consent from patients before any specimens are used for research, researchers predict future areas of research, especially regarding genetic material, that are unknown today. Do you believe patients must give their consent before any biospecimens from their bodies may be used for research? Must all possible areas of research be specified? In cases where the research leads to commercially viable treatments should they or their families be compensated?
  • 写文书 The German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "One cannot escape the world more certainly than through art, and one cannot bind oneself to it more certainly than through art." With extended reference to one novel, poem, play, piece of music, or work of art, please discuss what you believe this sentence to mean.

翻译:波士顿大学校董奖学金得主被鼓励在知情的前提下展开讨论自己经过充分论证的观点。这些观点涉及重要的政治、社会和艺术问题。我们选择有能力展现出有说服力的论证来支持自己观点的学生。

  • 有人把世界范围内民粹主义(一种草根运动,以对政治文化精英的不信任、对常识性解决方案的推崇以及对本民族、宗教和国家的自豪感为主要特点)的兴起视为对全球化乱局的一种应对。过去几十年来,技术与全球贸易造成了失业和逆城市化,贫富差异呈指数增长,且社区和个性的价值似乎受到了前所未有的冲击。在你看来,民粹主义是一种对于全球化的必要且正面的修正,还是一种对我们时代的不切实际或不合时宜的逆流,亦或两者兼而有之?民粹是民主的新高度还是对于民主体制的威胁?
  • 在如验血、体检或手术等医疗实践中时常采集的生物标本可以成为很多疾病研究的重要助力。某些情况下,这类研究最终成为新药或新疗法开发的突破口。虽然目前广泛采用的流程是要求病人事先明确同意标本可被用于研究用途,但研究者们已在考虑诸如基因材料等目前尚未明确的未来研究领域。你认为病人是否必须明确许可源于他们的标本被用于研究?是否所有可能的研究领域都必须被说明?如果研究导致了有商业价值的疗法,病人和他们的家属是否应该得到补偿?
  • 德国诗人歌德写道:“艺术是人遁世之途,亦是人入世之道。”具体就某本小说、某首诗歌、某部戏剧、某段音乐或某件艺术作品展开讨论,谈谈这句话对你的意义何在。

解析:

字数限制:奖学金特定,三选一,600词

2016-2017 [+]

Please tell us why BU is a good fit for you and what specifically has led you to apply for admission.

翻译:请告诉我们为什么我校对你很适合,以及是什么具体的因素促使你申请的。

解析:AADPS分类I-c

字数限制:250词

The Kilachand Honors College takes on big questions in the arts, sciences, and professions that go beyond the classroom. Write an essay in response to one of the following issues:

  1. Which corrupts more, power or powerlessness?
  2. The purpose of higher education is...

翻译:基拉杉德荣誉学院挑战课堂之外艺术、科学和职业方面的重大问题。写一篇文书回答以下题目中的一个:

  1. 什么更令人堕落,权力还是无权无势?
  2. 高等教育的目的是……

解析:

  1. AADPS分类IV-c
  2. AADPS分类IV-c

字数限制:项目特定,二选一,600词

Boston University Trustee Scholars are encouraged to develop well-informed and well-reasoned views of important political, social, and artistic issues. We select students who have a sense of how to present persuasive arguments in support of their views.

  • Building on recent successes in DNA research–--including genetically modified crops, the creation of insulin within genetically modified cells, and the sequencing of the human genome–--scientists have begun discussions about the fabrication of all DNA present in human chromosomes. Some foresee dramatic breakthroughs for humankind, while others worry that the knowledge would give parents the ability to select the traits of their offspring and perhaps allow for the creation of humans without biological parents. There is widespread agreement that the research touches ethical as well as scientific questions. In your view, do the potential benefits outweigh its risks? If so, how should its risks be addressed?
  • Several countries are now developing prototypes for “robot weapons,” which will have the capacity to locate targets and launch strikes without human intervention. Supporters say this is a logical and necessary step, given the growing technological sophistication of warfare. Critics contend, on both moral and strategic grounds, that humans must be directly involved whenever lethal force is used. Do you think the potential use of such weapons should be pursued? Why?

翻译:波士顿大学校董奖学金得主被鼓励在知情的前提下展开讨论自己经过充分论证的观点。这些观点涉及重要的政治、社会和艺术问题。我们选择有能力展现出有说服力的论证来支持自己观点的学生。

  • 在近期DNA研究的一系列成功基础上——包括转基因农作物、基因工程合成胰岛素、以及人类基因组测序——科学家们已经开始讨论合成人类染色体中全部DNA的可能性。有人预见了人类的大演化,而另一些人则担心这会让父母选择他们后代的遗传特性,乃至于产生没有生理父母的新人类。一般认为此类研究既涉及道德问题又涉及科学问题。在你看来,其可能的好处是否能胜过坏处。如果是的话,相关的风险应该如何被预防呢?
  • 有好些国家正在开发原型“机械人武器”,这种兵器将能在无人值守的情况下定位目标并执行攻击。支持者们认为考虑到战争技术含量逐渐增长,这是合乎逻辑且必要的一步。而反对者则从道德和战略的角度辩称致命武力的使用必须直接经由人类之手。你认为机械人武器是否应该被开发用于实战?为什么?

解析:

字数限制:奖学金特定,三选一,600词

2015-2016 [+]

Boston University Trustee Scholars are encouraged to develop well-informed and well-reasoned views of important political, social, and artistic issues. We select students who have a sense of how to present persuasive arguments in support of their views. With that in mind, please select one of the questions below and respond with an essay explaining your perspective.

  • David Brooks, a columnist for The New York Times, recently wrote: “I don't know if America has a leadership problem; it certainly has a followership problem. Vast majorities of Americans don’t trust their institutions. That’s not mostly because our institutions perform much worse than they did in 1925 and 1955, when they were widely trusted. It’s mostly because more people are cynical and like to pretend that they are better than everything else around them. Vanity has more to do with rising distrust than anything else.” In your opinion, does America have a followership problem? Does it have a leadership problem? If so, what do you think should be done about this?
  • The author Saul Bellow wrote: “For a very long time the world found the wonderful in tales and poems, in painting and in musical performances. Now the wonderful is found in miraculous technology, in modern surgery, in jet propulsion, in computers, in television, and in lunar expeditions. Literature cannot compete with wonderful technology.” Do you agree? Why or why not?
  • In a paper delivered in 2013 called “The Future of Employment,” the Oxford economists Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael Osborne estimate that in the coming two decades 47 percent of all jobs in the U. S. are at risk of disappearing due to computer- and robot-driven automation. They predict intensified polarization between the rich and the poor as a consequence, with the most jobs lost occurring among low-skill and low-wage positions and an ever-larger share of income held by a relative few. In your view, does this represent progress with its inevitable costs or a disturbing trend that must be slowed? Should governments intervene in any way to affect this process and its effects?

翻译:波士顿大学校董奖学金得主被鼓励在知情的前提下展开讨论自己经过充分论证的观点。这些观点涉及重要的政治、社会和艺术问题。我们选择有能力展现出有说服力的论证来支持自己观点的学生。考虑到这一点,请选择以下问题中的一个写一篇文书解释你的观点。

  • 《纽约时报》专栏作家大卫·布鲁克斯最近写道:“我不知道美国是否存在领导力问题,但它一定存在追随力问题。绝大多数美国人不相信他们的政府,这并不是由于美国政府现在表现得比1925年和1955年(那时美国政府被广泛信任)更差,这是由于更多的人是愤世嫉俗的,并且喜欢假装他们比周围的任何其他事物都要好。相比于其他任何东西,虚荣心与日益增长的不信任最有关系。”在你看来,美国是否有一个追随力问题?美国是否有一个领导力问题?如果有的话,你觉得对于这两个问题应该做些什么呢?
  • 作家索尔·贝娄写道:“很长一段时间内,世界在故事和诗歌中,在绘画和音乐表演中发现了美妙。现在美妙在不可思议的技术中,在现代外科手术中,在喷气推进技术中,在电脑中,在电视中和在月球探寻中被发现了。文学无法与美妙的科技竞争。”你是否赞同这个观点?为什么?
  • 在一篇发表于2013年的论文“就业的未来”中,牛津大学经济学家卡尔·贝内迪克特·弗雷和迈克尔·奥斯本预测未来二十年中,美国47%的工作岗位会受到电脑和机器人自动化的威胁而消失。他们预测这样将导致增大的贫富差距:绝大部分被消灭的工作岗位是低技能和低工资的,少数人则拥有更多收入。在你看来,这是否意味着带有无可避免代价或令人不安趋势的进步必须被遏制?政府是否应该以某种方式去干预和影响这个过程和其结果?

解析:

字数限制:奖学金特定,三选一,600词

申请问答

问:早申请(early decision)有什么需要注意的地方?
答:早申请是有约束力的。录取结果在十二月中会被发布,而奖学金评选结果则要等到来年四月。

问:如何确定学校已经收到申请材料?
答:大约在两周之后会得到来自学校的电子邮件通知,内含在查看录取状态的网站(Applicant Link)上设立账户的指示。

问:大学在选择性送分(Score Choice)方面的政策是怎样的?
答:可以接受,但推荐提交全部成绩。录取委员会一直是按最高分来评估学生学术水平的。

问:可以以不定专业(undecided)申请么?
答:是的,这是一个很常见的选择,学生最晚在大二结束时确定专业。但是申请时必须要确定目标学院。

问:什么时候最方便拜访校园?
答:任何时候都可以,建议预约工作日的宣讲会和校园参观。

*以上问答内容由AADPS根据第一手资料编译,并不代表AADPS自身观点。

重要通知

本文为AADPS原创,最新修订于2018年8月9日,发布于https://aadps.net/2014/1737.html

因屡次出现我们学员家长将盗用我方的推文发到我们自己的服务群里,严重影响了AADPS的正常经营秩序。AADPS决定禁止对我们专业资讯的一切形式转载或再利用(包括但不限于同行或留学生家长在任何媒体平台的机构号、资讯号、私人号中非法利用我方内容)。一经发现,我方将可能采用一切合法手段维权,不再另行通知,创业不易,望谅解。

发布者

陈 欣

陈 欣

AADPS创始人

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