每天学写留学文书 12月7日

in this respect

释义:“就这方面来说”,留学文书里一种极好的承接并解释上文的方法。请注意这里的respect使用的是这个词最初的意思,“对某事或者某状况的一种指代”。大家一般对它“尊敬”的含义可能要更熟悉一些。

例句:
In this respect, the halifite initially seems to confirm the idea that emotion is a direct response to a state of being.
Secondly, I think John Boehner is right in this respect.

每天学写留学文书 12月6日

prospective vs. perspective

辨析:这两者都是留学文书里出现频率极高的词,但是绝对不要张冠李戴。前者是形容词,描述一种即将发生的状态,譬如,作者对于所申请的大学来说可以是prospective student,也可以是prospective engineer/professional/experimentalist等等。后者的话是既是美术中的“透视”,也可以作为“观点、视角”,一般使用在称赞diversity的情形里,例如different/multiple perspectives,所谓“兼听则明,偏信则暗”。

例句:
Brady often charged no fee to stars of a certain stature to impress other prospective patrons.
Provide teachers with educational perspectives on students as learners of technology.

每天学写留学文书 12月5日

prefect vs. perfect

辨析:前者是指英美高中里类似国内“班长”、“风纪委员”或“模范学生”一类的学生职务暨荣誉,在哈利·波特系列里有出现。切勿在留学文书中和后者混淆了,Word的拼写检查是完全查不出来的。

例句:
He's a prefect, plays football and is the captain of the soccer team.
I'll be able to use Facebook as the perfect example of what I tell the students in my IPO and venture capital class that even apparently hot IPOs can be risky to price.

每天学写留学文书 12月4日

did not then know

释义:“那时候还不知道”,每个词都很简单,但是搭配在一起表达了一种遗憾和欣慰交织的复杂情感。词序不要弄错了。

例句:
It also marks the beginning of a debilitating illness, which I did not then know existed.
If we did not then know empirically, we knew intuitively that these students came from child-centered homes.

每天学写留学文书 12月3日

pose

释义:很多时候,可以用这个词代替ask来“问”问题。但是,在留学文书里这个词还可能有“造成”(一般接负面后果)和“扮作”这另外两个截然不同的动词义。它主要的名词形式就是我们通常说的“摆pose”里的pose了。

例句:
Most confounding, on our second week my trip-mates posed a question I'd never considered: Inside or out?
The printers can short-circuit and overheat during use, posing a fire hazard.
The FBI also infiltrated a club with an undercover agent posing as a bouncer.

每天学写留学文书 12月2日

myth

释义:这个词最原始的意义是“神话传说”或者“寓言故事”(两者的界定并不是那么明确)。但是在留学文书里,我们通常用的是比较新的含义,即“被许多人认为是正确的但实则错误的观念”,或者直接就是“谣言”或“迷思”。一本软件工程著作《人月神话》的英文名称即为The Mythical Man-Month,另有一部美国电视科普节目《流言终结者》(MythBusters)。

例句:
Husband accused of murdering his wife, tries to blame her death on a fatal reaction to a simple spray tan, and thus a myth was born.
Yes, America has a trade deficit. But contrary to popular myth, this fact does not mean that America is economically "uncompetitive."