每天学写留学文书 7月14日

virtuous circle/cycle vs. vicious circle/cycle

辨析:这就是大家所常说的“良性循环”和“恶性循环”了。留学文书里使用后者的概率较大,一般描绘一个不利的客观环境或一系列的失利,为后面的逆袭做好铺垫。

例句:
Pushing companies to innovate is a virtuous circle.
At home a vicious circle starts as finances are drained, increasing the poverty of the household and driving members into a lifestyle that carries a high risk of becoming infected with HIV.

每天学写留学文书 7月13日

skimp

释义:动词,为节约开支而“省去”一些必要的方面,一般与on连用。在留学文书中可以用来体现作者不满这种涸泽而渔的行为或措施。

例句:
This naturally led some entrepreneurs to skimp on maintenance, or run their charges far harder than they should.
He said he did not expect movie studios to skimp on film production in a recession.

每天学写留学文书 7月12日

(as) often as not

释义:是不是觉得这个表达很奇葩?其实最完整的说法应该是as often as not often,字面上的意思是频繁和不频繁的时候一半一半。但是实际使用中,已经慢慢变成了“相对频繁”的意思。那么真正的“相对频繁”用英语应该怎么说?答案见下面。

例句:
When we do sleep, we as often as not have nightmares about Jayna's murder.
If he tried to run, often as not he'd trip and fall over.

同义词:more often than not

每天学写留学文书 7月11日

better yet

释义:一个很有意思的习惯用语。用于引出比之前提案更好的一种表达方式或可能性。

例句:
The Internet is too dangerous for you. Or better yet, you're too dangerous for the Internet.
The new wave of homemade productions can be viewed on the 3D TVs or, better yet, displayed on YouTube's 3D channel.

同义词:better still

每天学写留学文书 7月10日

rare catch

释义:本意指“罕见的捕获物”,在推荐信里常被用来夸奖被推荐人是“百里挑一的人选”。

例句:
A photo of a rare catch on a San Diego boat is sparking a lot of attention online, along with speculation of some major changes in weather in the area.
She will be a rare catch for any graduate school, and I will watch her career develop with great interest and high expectations.

每天学写留学文书 7月9日

postulate

释义:作为名词的含义是“公设”,即几何、热力学等自然科学的最基本假定。作为动词而言是“提出假设”的意思,但具体使用的上下文也是偏向学术方面。在留学文书中合理的使用能够有效展现作者的研究能力。

例句:
Some scientists postulated that climate change has made the region more hospitable to Aedes aegypti.
She handles the problem of the fossil record by postulating that they were as knowledgeable in life sciences as in the physical ones.

每天学写留学文书 7月8日

sign up for

释义:“报名参加”,在留学文书里可以用来表示报了额外的课程、培训班或兴趣小组。

例句:
Among them is 13-year-old Ebony Green, an eighth-grader who decided to sign up for this extra science class to improve her academic record and her chances of finishing school and going to college.
Mrs. Macomb asking weepily why no one had signed up for her dancing club.

每天学写留学文书 7月7日

inexorable

释义:“不屈不挠的、无可阻挡的”,用于在留学文书里形容必然的未来趋势,或在推荐信里彰显被推荐人的坚定意志。

例句:
The inexorable march towards smaller, faster, and more capable electronic systems has been breathtaking.
For a moment I wavered in the face of the inexorable force of his belief.

同义词:relentless

每天学写留学文书 7月6日

resort to

释义:resort作为名词形式出现时,“度假村”这一义项一般要更常见一些,但其实a last resort就是我们中国人常说的“破釜沉舟”。作为动词短语的话指的是“诉诸于”某个并非常规或理想的解决方案,在留学文书里可以从侧面体现遇到的障碍之大。

例句:
More typically, rural communities resort to a form of collective ownership to keep the local grocery in business.
When that did not work, she resorted to accusations.

每天学写留学文书 7月5日

to put it another way

释义:“换句话说”,通常用于引导一个陈述,用更易于被听众理解的方式来重新诠释一遍论点。虽然在一般情况下偏重于口头使用,但在留学文书中运用得当的话可以提高文章的可读性,甚至能有效拉近与招生官的心理距离。

例句:
You're still very young, Tom. To put it another way, you don't have any idea about what you're getting into.
At companies like Waste Management, it's only when crisis has struck that the board has finally stiffened its spine, replaced its more ineffective members with independent directors, taken its responsibilities more seriously, started asking tough questions---and, as often as not, turned the situation around. To put it another way, it's only when the board changed its relationship with the CEO that things got better.

同义词:in other words, put another way, another way of putting it